There was a great shoving by the cavalry, as some were trying to get out of the river, others to stop them, great showers of Persian javelins, much thrusting of Macedonian spears. Darius received a response which began "King Alexander to Darius".
First, they would strategically force Alexander toward a carefully chosen position before he could move farther inland; if he did not move toward that position, he would leave his rear unprotected and possibly lose his logistical support and lines of communication with the Hellespont.
Alexander visited his wounded, examined their injuries and, according to Arrian, gave every soldier an opportunity to recount—and perhaps exaggerate—his deeds. The right, commanded by Alexander, consisted of the three right Foot Companion phalanxes and everything to their right; while Parmenion commanded the three left Foot Companion phalanxes and everything to their left.
Gameplay[ edit ] The Battle of the Hydaspes. He realized that his first objective could no longer be to move south to liberate the Greek cities under Persian control, since that would leave a substantial enemy force in his rear. Tyre, the largest and most important city-state of Phoeniciawas located both on the Mediterranean coast as well as a nearby Island with two natural harbors on the landward side.
Fought in Northwestern Asia Minor, near the site of For the purpose of command, the army was divided into two wings. Victory by the Macedonians over Athens, Thebes, and their allies at Believing themselves to be a match for Alexander in the field, the Persians, who failed to use their professional infantry, simply counted on their numerically superior cavalry and their personal bravery to secure a victory.
Alexander, however, appointed independent boards to collect tribute and taxes from the satrapies, which appeared to do nothing more than improve the efficiency of government. The Granicus is also worthy of note because it is one of the earliest battles on record that was decided largely by cavalry strength, though coordinated with infantry support.
They slowly but steadily drove the Persians farther back, gaining the level ground above the steep riverbank. He had several of the slower galleys, and a few barges, refit with battering rams, the only known case of battering rams being used on ships. Arrian described the fighting at that point: Alexander had sent spies to meet with dissidents inside the city, who had promised to open the gates and allow Alexander to enter.
Then Alexander opened the battle by sending forward an advance force under the command of Amyntas. Alexander ultimately fought many of his battles on a river bank. Mixter and originally published in the December issue of Military History magazine.
Upon rejoining his main army, Alexander received intelligence that the Persian forces were some 50 miles to the northeast. The sudden death of his father had encouraged the barbarians to the north and west—and several Greek cities to the south—to revolt against Macedonian rule.
A council of war—to which Memnon, a high-ranking Greek mercenary in Persian service, was admitted—was held to discuss strategy.
This Day in History. Arrian described the fighting at that point: The resulting lack of coordination between horse and foot violated a principle of integrated armies that even the Persians had long understood. Then Alexander opened the battle by sending forward an advance force under the command of Amyntas.
Alexander and Ada appear to have formed an emotional connection. The latter were armed with short javelins designed more for throwing than for thrusting and scimitars, both of which were ineffective against the Macedonian sarissas. The statues were eventually set up in Dium, a city in Macedon at the foot of Mount Olympus.
This tactic caught the Persians off guard. Diodorus is the only ancient author who provides even a partial Persian order of battle: The Macedonians could not pursue the fleeing cavalry very far, however. Diodorus is the only ancient author who provides even a partial Persian order of battle: All the more impressive since Alexander was doing his conquering in his 20s.
After conquering the Achaemenid Empire of Persia, the Macedonian king Alexander launched a campaign into the northwestern Indian As a result of the loss of so many of its leaders, the opposition offered by the Persian cavalry deteriorated rapidly.
Alexander also realized that his attacking cavalry had a great advantage over its Persian counterpart, whose defensive role forfeited its mobility and whose faulty deployment negated its advantage in numbers. In the spring of BC, Alexander led a combined Macedonian, Greek and Balkan historically referred to as Macedonian army of 32, infantry and 5, cavalries on a day march from Macedon to the Hellespont today called the Dardanelles.
The battle became a series of heroic duels between individuals rather than a fight between cavalry units. His goal was the conquest of Sogdiana. As a result of the loss of so many of its leaders, the opposition offered by the Persian cavalry deteriorated rapidly.The Battle of Gaugamela (1st October BCE, also known as the Battle of Arbela) was the final meeting between Alexander the Great of Macedon and King Darius III of Persia.
After this victory, Alexander was, without question, the King of all Asia. This battles list includes any Alexander the Great battles, conflicts, campaigns, wars, skirmishes or military engagements of any kind.
This list displays the battles Alexander the Great fought in alphabetically, but the battles/military engagements contain information such as where the battle was fought and who else was involved. Jun 13, · Egyptologist and philologist E.
A. W. Budge, in his epic volume, The Life and Exploits of Alexander, has given a vivid account of the Macedonian’s misadventure in India. According to Budge, “In the Battle of Hydaspes the Indians destroyed majority of Alexander’s cavalry.
The Great Battles of Alexander is a turn-based computer wargame developed by Erudite Software and published by Interactive dfaduke.comd from the GMT Games physical wargame of the same name, it depicts 10 of Alexander the Great's key conflicts, and simulates the interplay between Ancient Macedonian battle tactics and its rival military doctrines.
Alexander the Great Timeline Timeline Description: Alexander the Great ( BCE - BCE) was the son of Philip, king of Macedonia. Educated by the great thinker Aristotle and raised to admire Greek culture, Alexander was an experienced soldier who shared his father's ambitions to create a huge empire.
By John R.
Mixter 6/12/ • Military History. Of the four great battles Alexander fought in the course of his brilliant military career, the Battle of the Granicus, fought in May BC, was the first–and the one in which he came closest to failure and death.Download